Editor's Note: The Nov. 8 victory of presidential candidate Donald J. Trump has sunk in worldwide and leaders are reacting to the potential adjustment in U.S. foreign policy to come. A Trump presidency raises questions as to the firmness of Washington's security guarantees and trade policy at a time when conflicts are converging in multiple theaters — Ukraine, the Iraq-Syria battlespace and the South China Sea to name a few.
Among the leaders trying to discern the future actions of the world's only superpower, most are sending out hopeful messages that the United States will maintain its commitments even as they prepare for worst case scenarios.
The U.S. chief executive's authority on sanctions in particular policy raises questions as to how much room there now is for negotiation — or escalation — in dealing with U.S. adversaries. The demise of major agreements like Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and threats to renegotiate existing trade pacts like the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) mean economic uncertainty for major U.S. trading partners. The precise nature of the new administration's vision for the U.S. strategic posture will emerge in the months ahead. For now world leaders are issuing their first guarded statements and waiting for the next steps.
"I congratulate the United States for its electoral process and I reiterate to @realDonaldTrump the willingness to work together toward a bilateral relationship. Mexico and the United States are friends, colleagues, allies who should keep working together for the competitiveness and development of North America."
- President Enrique Pena Nieto in messages posted on Twitter
"Canada has no closer friend, partner, and ally than the United States. We look forward to working very closely with President-elect Trump, his administration, and with the United States Congress in the years ahead, including on issues such as trade, investment, and international peace and security."
"During the campaign, we heard statements from Trump about restoring relationships between the United States and Russia. We understand and acknowledge that will be a difficult process, considering how far Russia-U.S. relations have deteriorated. As I have already repeated multiple times, that is not [Russia's] fault."
- Russian President Vladimir Putin
"I cannot say that our partners' previous leaders were predictable in any situation — that is a part of life, a part of politics. We have heard a lot of words, and will judge based on actions. We will respond to actions with actions."
- Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov
"I believe Trump is a practical man, he will lift sanctions on Russia that are harmful to U.S. business, too. As a result, the trade turnover, financial and economic relations between Russia and the U.S., as well as the West in general, will be restored and start growing depending only on economic situation."
- Russian Presidential Aide Sergei Glazyev
"I want to confirm that we very much admired the bipartisan support which was demonstrated by the United States people, the partisan support in the Congress and the Senate and by the president and administration. We are absolutely sure that it will continue in the two very important spheres: in our fighting against Russian aggression, in our fighting for freedom, fighting for democracy, fighting for our sovereignty and territorial integrity, where the United States was and remains our reliable partner."
"I would like to extend my sincere congratulations to Donald Trump on his victory in the presidential elections. American people voted for changes, oriented to making the U.S. even stronger."
"The two biggest economies in the world shared common interests and shouldered a special and important responsibility in upholding world peace. I highly value China-U.S. relations and am looking forward to working with you to expand cooperation in all fields, including in bilateral, regional and global aspects. China and U.S would manage differences in a constructive way, in the spirit of non-conflict, non-confrontation, mutual respect, cooperation and win-win."
- Chinese President Xi Jinping
"I said I don't want to fight because Trump is there… We both curse. For any small reason, we curse. We are kind of similar. I don't want an enemy, but I cannot also — because, they said, the election is over and Trump has won, why don't we just shut up?"
- Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte
"The government should put forth a multilateral effort for peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and Northeast Asia region based on the strong alliance… It is foremost important to maintain impenetrable combined defense posture based on South Korea-U.S. strong cooperation in preparation for the North's missile and nuclear threats."
- South Korea's ruling Saenuri Party spokesman Kim Sung-won
"The stability of the Asia-Pacific region, which is a driving force of the global economy, brings peace and prosperity to the United States. Japan and the United States are unwavering allies tied firmly with the bond of universal values such as freedom, democracy, basic human rights, and the rule of law."
- Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
"Germany and America are bound together by values - democracy, freedom, respecting the rule of law, people's dignity regardless of their origin, the colour of their skin, religion, gender, sexual orientation or political views… On the basis of these values, I am offering to work closely with the future President of the United States Donald Trump."
- German Chancellor Angela Merkel
The election "opens a period of uncertainty. It must be faced with lucidity and clarity."
- French President Francois Hollande
"Their world is collapsing. Ours is being built."
- French National Front Vice President Florian Philippot
"Britain and the United States have an enduring and special relationship based on the values of freedom, democracy and enterprise… We are, and will remain, strong and close partners on trade, security and defence."
- British Prime Minister Theresa May
"Polish-American relations have become an important pillar of the European and transatlantic stability. We are particularly pleased that during this year's NATO Summit in Warsaw the U.S. decided to increase its military presence in Poland, thereby strengthening the Alliance's Eastern flank. We sincerely hope that your leadership will open new opportunities for our cooperation based on mutual commitment."
- Polish President Andrzej Duda
Middle East and North Africa
"Iran's understanding in the nuclear deal was that the accord was not concluded with one country or government but was approved by a resolution of the U.N. Security Council and there is no possibility that it can be changed by a single government."
- Iranian President Hassan Rouhani
"We look forward to the continued support of the world and the United States in standing with Iraq in its confrontation with terrorism."
- Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi
"We congratulate @realDonaldTrump, President-elect of the USA. We desire to reinforce with the USA our strategic cooperation based on trust."
- Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu in a message posted on Twitter
"The change of presidents will not bring a radical revision of… relations."
- Turkish Justice Minister Bekir Bozdag
"Our message is that the Americans should draft a policy not to take away the independence and sovereignty of other nations... Most importantly, they should withdraw all their troops from Afghanistan."
- Afghan Taliban statement
"Egypt is looking forward to seeing a new spirit brought to the presidential term of President Trump in terms of Egyptian-American relations, including more cooperation and coordination for the mutual benefit of the American and Egyptian people."
- Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi
"We wish your excellency success in your mission to achieve security and stability in the Middle East and worldwide."
- Saudi King Salman