What Happened: World Health Organization officials have discovered the first two cases of Ebola in the Congolese province of South Kivu, AP reported Aug. 16.
Why It Matters: The spread of Ebola to South Kivu marks a new setback for health officials attempting to contain the most recent outbreak. While authorities thought they had contained the virus to the provinces of North Kivu and Ituri, the spread to South Kivu raises the possibility of new outbreaks in additional provinces, as well as neighboring Burundi.
Background: The latest Ebola outbreak has killed over 1,800 people since August 2018, prompting the WHO to declare a public health emergency on July 17. However, widespread public mistrust of vaccination efforts and militant attacks have hampered attempts to contain the outbreak.