What Happened: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe met for an annual two-day summit on Oct. 28 in Tokyo, where they agreed to initiate talks between their respective foreign and defense ministers on a key defense pact, according to an Oct. 29 joint statement from the two leaders.
Why It Matters: India and Japan are increasing defense cooperation — including through the Acquisition and Cross Servicing Agreement — with an eye toward balancing against China's rise in the Indo-Pacific region.
Background: During the summit, Japan offered funding for seven infrastructure projects, including the Mumbai-Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor between the Indian states of Maharashtra and Gujarat, which is currently under construction.
- Japan's Relationship With China Evokes Cold War Memories (Oct. 25, 2018)
- The Indo-Pacific: Defining a Region (Nov. 15, 2017)
- To Counter China, India Pushes East (Nov. 10, 2017)