What Happened: After months of talks to form a governing coalition, Moldova's pro-Russian Socialist Party and the pro-European ACUM bloc reached a consensus agreement, naming the ACUM's Maia Sandu as the new prime minister, Deutsche Welle reported June 9. However, the Democratic Party of Moldova refused to accept the deal, and, in accordance with the country's constitutional court, Moldovan Prime Minister Pavel Filip of the Democratic Party dissolved parliament and called for early elections in September. Moldovan President Igor Dodon has since called on Russia and the European Union to intervene to help resolve the crisis.
Why It Matters: The fresh political crisis in Moldova pits the Socialists and ACUM on one hand, and the Democrats (controlled by oligarch Vladimir Plahotniu) on the other. Plahotniuc, who possesses considerable influence over the country's constitutional court, is the perceived architect behind blocking the coalition deal and the decision to dissolve parliament. This will create further deadlock and political instability in the perennially divided Moldova, making it critical to watch whether and how Russia and the European Union can intervene.
Background: Moldova held its parliamentary elections in February. The Socialists won 31.3 percent of the vote, followed by ACUM with 26.4 percent and the Democratic Party with 23.8 percent.
- Moldova's Elections Could Shift the Country's Focus East (Oct. 18, 2018)
- Moldova's New President Promises a New Foreign Policy (Nov. 29, 2016)
- Moldova: The Outsize Significance of a Small Country (Jan. 27, 2016)