What Happened: Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi and Ossufo Momade, leader of the Mozambique National Resistance Movement, better known as Renamo, signed a peace deal on Aug. 1, AFP reported.
Why It Matters: The prospects for the peace deal will depend on whether Renamo will keep its remaining 5,000 fighters armed — as it has previously done, after arguing the government was acting in bad faith. However, if both sides implement the deal, it would allow the Mozambican government to commit additional resources toward combating an ongoing Islamic insurgency in the country's north.
Background: Mozambique's ruling government and Renamo have reached multiple peace deals in the past, only for the agreements to fall apart. However, the group has been weakening in recent years after losing its longtime leader, meaning it has struggled to remain a relevant political force in the country. Despite its decline, the group has repeatedly demonstrated an ability to carry out armed attacks in the center of the country.