What Happened: Peruvian President Martin Vizcarra has asked Congress to hold a vote of confidence regarding a series of proposed reforms, including one lifting congressional immunity, La Republica reported June 4.
Why It Matters: Since Congress has already rejected a vote of confidence from the administration, Peru's Constitution allows Vizcarra to dissolve the legislature and hold new legislative elections if the vote of confidence fails. Such a vote would likely alter the body's composition and could further hamper Vizcarra's ability to govern, should Popular Force — the main opposition party — solidify or expand its hold on the legislature. Given the growing anti-establishment movement in Peru, it's also plausible that the political left — a force that has so far been underrepresented in Congress — could make significant gains, bringing more populist-leaning policies, such as anti-mining laws and greater social spending, to the fore.
Background: Since it gained control of Congress in 2016, Popular Force has lost popularity amid a series of corruption investigations. This, in part, has led an increasing number of Peruvian voters to no longer identify with the country's traditional political parties as strongly as they once did.