ASSESSMENTS

China-India Diplomacy Reduces Border Tension, but Normalization Remains Unlikely

MIN READMar 25, 2022 | 21:15 GMT

A Chinese soldier (L) and an Indian soldier (R) stand guard at the Chinese side of the ancient Nathu La border crossing between India and China.

A Chinese soldier (L) and an Indian soldier (R) stand guard at the Chinese side of the ancient Nathu La border crossing between India and China.

(Diptendu Dutta/AFP/Getty Images)

China's rapprochement with India is unlikely to lead to a complete normalization of diplomatic ties, but it will likely lead to temporary stability along the disputed China-India border, reducing the probability of clashes. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi visited India on March 25 in the first high-level meeting between China and India since the May 2020 Galwan Valley conflict, where the countries clashed for the first time in more than 40 years. The clash led to the death of 20 Indian soldiers and worsened the countries' diplomatic and economic relations. Over the past two years, China and India's armies have mobilized additional troops along their disputed border, which extends about 2,160 miles (about 3,476 kilometers) through the Himalayas. While 15 rounds of corps commander-level talks have contributed to disengagement in the Galwan Valley, the north and south banks of the Pangong Tso lake, and the Indian state of Ladakh's eastern...

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