A Buddhist temple sits near a hydroelectric grid main in southeastern Bhutan in 2013. Home to meditating monks and Himalayan nomads, the sleepy kingdom of Bhutan has set its sights on becoming an unlikely energy powerhouse thanks to its abundant winding rivers. Hydropower plants have already harnessed the country's water flows to light up nearly every Bhutanese home, generating electricity that is sent to remote villages by cables strung through rugged mountain terrain.
Big changes in the neighborhood are giving the government in New Delhi more than a few sleepless nights. Buoyed by an $11 trillion economy and plans to connect Eurasia with its ambitious Belt and Road Initiative, China is showing up in areas that India has traditionally viewed as its backyard. Around South Asia and the Indian Ocean, New Delhi has long understood the imperative of preventing another neighbor from allying with a rival military power (as Pakistan has done with China), as well as the need to earn the support of regional governments to help resolve bilateral irritants and expand trade to bolster the country's $2 trillion economy....
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