Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, left, meets with Chinese President Xi Jinping on Sept. 4, 2016, in Hangzhou, China. Beijing's economic expansion into South Asia poses a major strategic challenge for India as it seeks to maintain its regional dominance against its northern rival.
India is the dominant country in South Asia, accounting for the majority of the region's landmass (68 percent), population (75 percent) and economic output (79 percent). These disparities have informed India's status as South Asia's reigning hegemon in the decades since it gained independence from the British Empire in 1947....
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