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Jan 26, 2011 | 13:19 GMT

5 mins read

North Caucasus Militant Attacks in Russia

Thomson Reuters
In the wake of the Jan. 24 attack on Moscow's Domodedovo airport, STRATFOR summarizes attacks in Russia that are known or suspected of being carried out by militants from Russia's volatile North Caucasus region since the first Chechen war began.


  • In June 1995, Chechen rebels seized hundreds of hostages in a hospital in the southern Russian town of Budennovsk. More than 100 people were killed during the rebel assault and a botched Russian commando raid.


  • In June 1996, a bomb attack on a Moscow subway killed four and injured 12. The same month, an explosive attack against a bus in Nalchik, North Caucasus, killed six people and injured 40.
  • On July 11, 1996, a blast damaged a bus in Moscow's Pushkinskaya Square, injuring six people.
  • On July 12, 1996, a blast struck a trolleybus at Prospekt Mira, in north-central Moscow, injuring 28 people.
  • On Nov. 10, 1996, a blast at Moscow's Kotlyakovskoe Cemetery killed 13 people and injured 70.


  • In June 1997, a blast on a train en route from Moscow to St. Petersburg killed five people and injured 13.


  • On Jan. 1, 1998, a bomb attack on the Moscow Metro's orange line at Tretyakovskaya station injured three people.


  • On April 26, 1999, an explosive device detonated in an elevator of Moscow's Intourist Hotel, injuring 11.
  • On Aug. 31, 1999, an explosion at the Okhotny Ryad shopping center next to Moscow's Red Square killed one person and injured 40.
  • On Sept. 8, 1999, two sections of a nine-story apartment building on southeastern Moscow's Guryanov Street were heavily damaged in a bombing attack that killed 106 people and injured more than 200.
  • On September 13, 1999, an eight-story residential block on Moscow's Kashirskoye Highway was heavily damaged by an explosion that killed 124 people.
  • On Sept. 13, 1999, a car bombing in Volgodonsk killed 17 people and injured 480.


  • On Aug. 8, 2000, an explosive device detonated at the Moscow Metro underpass at Pushkinskaya station, killing 12 people and injuring 150.


  • On Feb. 6, 2001, a blast at the Moscow Metro's Belorusskaya station caused no casualties.


  • On May 9, 2002, a bombing at a parade in Kaspiysk, Dagestan, killed 43 and injured 151.
  • In October 2002, 40-50 Chechen militants took more than 850 hostages in a Moscow theater. Russian security forces pumped an incapacitating chemical into the building and then stormed it. Thirty-nine militants and at least 129 civilians were killed in the event.


  • On July 5, 2003, a female suicide bomber attacked the ticket office of a major music festival in Tushino, Moscow, killing some 20 people and injuring approximately 50 more.
  • In September 2003, a bomb detonated aboard a suburban train in the Stavropol region, killing seven people and injuring around 90.
  • In December 2003, a blast on a passenger train in the Stavropol region killed 47 people and injured 186.
  • On Dec. 10, 2003, five female suicide bombers attacked the National Hotel next to Moscow's Red Square, injuring 13 people.


  • On Feb. 6, 2004, an explosive device detonated on a train on the Moscow Metro's green line between Paveletskaya and Avtozavodskaya, killing 40 and injuring hundreds.
  • On Aug. 24, 2004, two passenger planes on domestic flights from Moscow's Domodedovo airport were simultaneously destroyed by suicide bombers while in the air, killing all 90 people aboard.
  • On Aug. 31, 2004, a female suicide bomber attacked the entrance hall of the Moscow Metro's orange line, killing 10 people, including the bomber and an accomplice, and injuring about 50.
  • From Sept. 1-3, 2004, Chechen militants held more than 1,100 hostages at a school in Beslan, North Ossetia. Russian security eventually stormed the school. Three hundred eighty-six people were killed in the event, including 186 children.


  • On June 12, 2005, a train from Chechnya to Moscow was attacked with an explosive device, injuring 42 people.


  • On Aug. 21, 2006, a bomb in a Moscow suburban market killed 10 people and injured 50.


  • On Aug. 13, 2007, a luxury Nevski Express train from Moscow to St. Petersburg was attacked by a bomb planted under the rails, injuring 60 people.


  • On Nov. 27, 2009, a Nevski Express train carrying high-ranking state officials was attacked, killing 28 people and injuring more than 90.


  • On March 29, 2010, two blasts in a Moscow Metro station killed 40 people and injured 85.


  • On Jan. 24, 2011, a suicide bomber killed 35 and injured 160 in Moscow's Domodedovo airport's international arrivals section.

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