What Happened: French President Emmanuel Macron's top foreign policy adviser, Emmanuel Bonne, has discussed a proposal with Iranian officials for Tehran to freeze its nuclear activities in exchange for no further U.S. sanctions against the country, Politico reported July 10.
Why It Matters: Trust between Tehran and Washington has been substantially deteriorating, which could make it difficult to reach a two-step freeze. Moreover, the United States has not yet publicly said it was willing to freeze or reduce sanctions in exchange for Iran reducing its enrichment levels and returning to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) nuclear deal.
Background: Iran has been increasing its stockpiles of low enriched uranium beyond the 300 kilogram limit in the JCPOA and started enriching uranium surpassing the 3.67 percent limit since U.S. sanctions waivers for Iranian oil exports expired May 2.
- Iran Goes All in for a Game of Nuclear Chicken (July 11, 2019)
- Tehran Journeys Down a Provocative Nuclear Path (July 8, 2019)
- Why the U.S. Plan to Protect Tankers in the Persian Gulf Won't Deter Iran (July 8, 2019)