What Happened: The Indian government has officially split the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two new centrally administered territories, the BBC reported Oct. 31.
Why It Matters: The step marks the conclusion of the Indian government's decision on Aug. 5 to revoke the constitutional autonomy of Jammu and Kashmir, which has been at the center of a decadeslong conflict with Pakistan. As part of the decision, New Delhi enforced a lockdown in the region, imposed a ban on protests and disabled phone and internet access.
Background: India and Pakistan each administer a portion of Kashmir, but both countries claim full control over the region. Since 1989, Islamabad has tacitly supported insurgents in their bid to win autonomy from New Delhi in Indian-controlled Kashmir.