What Happened: Recent cross-border fire along the Line of Control in Kashmir killed three Pakistani and five Indian soldiers, according to an Aug. 15 tweet by Pakistani army spokesman Maj. Gen. Asif Ghafoor, although a spokesperson for the Indian army later denied that its forces suffered any casualties.
Why It Matters: An increasing number of violent exchanges across the Line of Control could point toward an escalation of India-Pakistani tensions, although small-scale incidents frequently occur. If casualties increase as a result of future confrontations, however, it could lead to more forceful retaliation.
Background: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's decision to revoke Jammu and Kashmir's autonomous status has increased the risk of violent exchanges and attacks by militants that could trigger an official military response, raising the possibility of escalation.
- Modi Moves to Remake Kashmir (Aug. 6, 2019)
- Afghanistan Heads Toward a Turning Point (July 31, 2019)
- Pakistan, U.S.: Bilateral Ties Improve as Islamabad Helps Washington in Afghanistan (July 23, 2019)