What Happened: Pakistan shared intelligence with India and the United States the week of June 9 regarding a possible militant attack in the Pulwama district of Indian-administered Kashmir, The Indian Express reported June 16. The attack is allegedly being planned to avenge the death in May of Zakir Musa, leader of the al Qaeda-affiliated Ansar Ghazwat-ul-Hind.
Why It Matters: A high-profile militant attack in the Pulwama district in February sent Indo-Pakistan tensions spiraling, resulting in tit-for-tat cross-border airstrikes. Another high-profile attack in India's Jammu and Kashmir state would also ratchet up bilateral animosity. By sharing intelligence regarding a potentially impending attack, Pakistan can seek to avoid a repeat of that scenario.
Background/Context: Security escalations in the disputed Kashmir region present a risky dynamic between India and Pakistan. Both countries have disputed control over the area since their independence in 1947 and have gone to war over it several times. While both states seek to avoid full-scale war, cross-border militancy and a significant military presence in the region present a constant risk for military escalation.