What Happened: U.S. President Donald Trump has spoken to Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in separate phone conversations, urging both leaders to exercise restraint amid renewed tensions in Kashmir, Reuters reported Aug. 19.
Why It Matters: Although Trump's phone calls did not amount to mediation efforts, they underscore Washington's balancing act between India and Pakistan. The United States is still relying on Islamabad to convince the Taliban to sign a peace deal with Washington to end the war in Afghanistan, while the U.S. government also continues to work toward resolving its trade disagreements with India.
Background: Pakistan is attempting to contest India's Aug. 5 decision to strip Jammu and Kashmir of its autonomous status by raising the issue on an international stage.
- Modi Moves to Remake Kashmir (Aug. 6, 2019)
- Pakistan Puts Out Feelers for Dialogue With India (May 29, 2019)
- India and Pakistan Pull Back From the Brink in Kashmir, for Now (March 6, 2019)