What Happened: Votes are now being counted for Pakistan's federal and provincial elections, Al Jazeera reported July 25.
Why It Matters: Pakistan is an evolving democracy that has had only one democratic transition of power in its history. In campaigning, former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, who is one of the most powerful figures in Pakistani politics, portrayed the elections as a referendum on the significant political power and influence exerted by Pakistan's army and judiciary.
Background: Sharif's party is expected to lose seats to opposition leader Imran Khan and his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party in a tight race. If Sharif and his party lose power, he may challenge the election's legitimacy.
- Pakistan's Elections Won't Dilute the Military's Influence (July 24, 2018)
- Pakistan: Ousted Prime Minister Is Again Party Leader (Oct. 3, 2017)