What Happened: The White House has reportedly selected a package of sanctions against Turkey through the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), Bloomberg reported July 13. The report further states that the sanctions are expected later this week, although the package still requires U.S. President Donald Trump's approval.
Why It Matters: The U.S. Congress is very likely to enact penalties against Turkey over its purchase of Russian-made S-400 missile defense systems, but it remains unclear whether Trump will follow through with sanctions. In the meantime, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has been attempting to use his personal relationship with Trump to avoid any penalties or limit potential damage.
Background: Turkey began accepting shipments of S-400 systems on July 12. Once the delivery is certified, Trump is legally required to pick five of 12 different types of sanctions under the CAATSA legislation to impose on Turkey as a punitive measure.
- Why the S-400 Missile is Highly Effective — If Used Correctly (July 12, 2019)
- A Game of Turkish Brinksmanship on Missile Defense (June 27, 2019)
- U.S. Nuclear Weapons Sharing Coming Under Increased European Scrutiny (June 27, 2019)